United States Union & Confederate Flag

United States Union & Confederate Flag

Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln

November 6, 1860 – Abraham Lincoln, who had declared “Government cannot endure permanently half slave, half free…” is elected president, the first Republican, receiving 180 of 303 possible electoral votes and 40 percent of the popular vote.

United States Flag 1861
United States Flag 1861

The admission of Kansas as our 34th state in January, 1861 led to a flag of 34 stars. At this time was our official flag for all.  Among the 34 states in January 1861, seven Southern slave states individually declared their secession from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America


The Confederate States of America then formed their own rebel flag. It evolved over time.


First national flag: “The Stars and Bars” (1861–1863)

Stars & Bars
Stars & Bars – First national flag with 7 stars (March 4, 1861 – May 21, 1861)
Stars and Bars
Stars & Bars – First national flag with 13 stars (November 28, 1861 – May 1, 1863)

Second national flag: “The Stainless Banner” (1863–1865)

stainless banner

Third national flag: “The Blood-Stained Banner” (1865)

stainless blood

Battle flag


Civil War 1861-1865

civil war

The war had its origin in the fractious issue of slavery, especially the extension of slavery into the western territories. After four years of combat, which left over 600,000 Union and Confederate soldiers dead and destroyed much of the South’s infrastructure, the Confederacy collapsed and slavery was abolished in the South.


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